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Tyre marking

The Russian Federation began stagewise introduction of mandatory tyre marking by identification means in 2020. Tyre marking is introduced as part of a comprehensive system of consumer goods digital marking being created in Russia, which should cover a wide range of goods by 2024 according to government plans and is seen as an additional mechanism applied to protect the market from counterfeit goods. The operator of the Russian digital marking system is Operator-CRPT LLC.

The new requirement is applied to all categories of tyres with the exception of bicycle, aircraft and retreaded tyres. Each tyre shall have a mandatory mark containing a Data Matrix code, which has a unique tyre number encrypted using the Russian cryptographic technology. All codes are generated by CRPT at the request of circulation participants and cost 50 kopecks (excluding VAT) each. When purchasing a tyre in a store a customer will be able to obtain information about each tyre and verify its current owner (store) by scanning the Data Matrix code using the Chestny ZNAK mobile app.

Introduction of mandatory marking requires serious preparation of all participants of tyre products circulation, from importers and manufacturers to retail stores. Every participant must be registered in the state information system for monitoring the circulation of goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification means (GIS MT), developed by CRPT, and must establish rapid exchange of information with the system using electronic document management (EDM) means. With the introduction of mandatory marking of tyre products tyre market participants are obliged to promptly submit to GIS MT information about all operations with tyres: import, production, sale and purchase of marked tyres, sales to end users - natural or legal persons.

In addition, preparation for introduction of mandatory tyre marking requires purchase and implementation of necessary equipment, restructuring of many processes in production, logistics, customer relations, but most importantly - establishment of automatic exchange of information between companies and GIS MT. Automation of processes is vital for tyre manufacturers and importers, as well as large wholesale dealers, since they have to ship large volumes of goods. Dealers and distributors face an equally challenging task since the tyre market lacks the practice of barcoding for inventory purposes and there is no practice of goods scanning at the cash register. They also need to restructure business processes, train employees, purchase necessary equipment, develop and implement the necessary software.

The marking is currently being actively introduced in Russia. At the same time, considering Russias membership in the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), other member countries may decide to join the procedure for marking of tyres in accordance with the Agreement on Marking of Goods by Identification Means in the EAEU.

STAGES OF MARKING INTRODUCTION

Mandatory tyre marking in Russia is introduced in stages for different participants of the circulation process:

Tyre manufacturers

November 1, 2020 -
December 15, 2020
December 15, 2020 -
March 1, 2021
After March 1, 2021
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • Retain the right to keep non-marked tyres (Article 8 of the Agreement on Marking of Goods by Identification Means in the EAEU).
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • Retain the right to keep non-marked tyres (Article 8 of the Agreement on Marking of Goods by Identification Means in the EAEU).
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • Retain the right to keep non-marked tyres (Article 8 of the Agreement on Marking of Goods by Identification Means in the EAEU).
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.

Tyre importers

November 1, 2020 -
December 15, 2020
December 15, 2020 -
March 1, 2021
After March 1, 2021
  • May import non-marked tyres and customs clear them, but only if they were purchased before November 1, 2020; however, importers are obliged to subsequently mark such tyres and submit information to GIS MT by December 15, 2020.
  • In cases where importers purchased tyres after November 1, 2020, they are obliged to import them already marked or may mark them in a customs warehouse before entering them into the release for domestic consumption procedure.
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • May store non-marked tyres imported before November 1, 2020, may not sell them non-marked and must mark them by March 1, 2021.
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.
  • May import only marked tyres, or may mark them in a customs warehouse before entering them into the release for domestic consumption procedure.
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • May store non-marked tyres imported before November 1, 2020, may not sell them non-marked and must mark them by March 1, 2021.
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.
  • May import only marked tyres, or may mark them in a customs warehouse before entering them into the release for domestic consumption procedure.
  • May sell only marked tyres.
  • May no longer store non-marked tyres.
  • Are obliged to provide information to GIS MT about all operations with marked tyres: entering of marked tyres into circulation, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.

Wholesale companies purchasing tyres from manufacturers and importers

November 1, 2020 -
December 15, 2020
December 15, 2020 -
March 1, 2021
After March 1, 2021
  • May still trade in non-marked tyres purchased from manufacturers and importers before November 1, 2020.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase of marked tyres from tyre manufacturers and importers and on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on sales of marked tyres further down the chain to other dealers or retailers.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May store non-marked tyres purchased before November 1, 2020, may not sell non-marked tyres and must mark them by March 1, 2021.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase of marked tyres from tyre manufacturers and importers and on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on sales of marked tyres further down the chain to other dealers or retailers.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May no longer store non-marked tyres.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information about all operations with marked tyres: purchase of marked tyres, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.

Other wholesale companies

November 1, 2020 -
December 15, 2020
December 15, 2020 -
March 1, 2021
After March 1, 2021
  • May still sell non-marked tyres.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase and sale of marked tyres further down the chain.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May store non-marked tyres purchased before December 15, 2020, may not sell non-marked tyres and must mark them by March 1, 2021.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase and sale of marked tyres further down the chain.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May no longer store non-marked tyres.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information about all operations with marked tyres: purchase of marked tyres, their sale to wholesalers/retailers or withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.

Retail companies

November 1, 2020 -
December 15, 2020
December 15, 2020 -
March 1, 2021
After March 1, 2021
  • May still sell non-marked tyres.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase of marked tyres from wholesale dealers.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May store non-marked tyres purchased before December 15, 2020, may not sell non-marked tyres and must mark them by March 1, 2021.
  • Are not obliged to submit to GIS MT information on purchase of marked tyres from wholesale dealers.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on withdrawal of marked tyres from circulation, whether after sale to end users and in other cases.
  • May trade only in marked tyres.
  • May no longer store non-marked tyres.
  • Are obliged to submit to GIS MT information on all operations with marked tyres: purchase of marked tyres and withdrawal from circulation after they are sold to end users and in all other cases.

USEFUL LINKS

You can register in GIS MT at: https://markirovka.crpt.ru.

You can find useful CRPT materials and instructions for participants of tyre circulation processes on the Operators website: https://./business/projects/tyres/.


KEY DOCUMENTS AND MATERIALS

1. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1958 dated December 31, 2019 On approval of the rules for marking of tyres with identification means and peculiarities of implementation of the state information system for monitoring the circulation of goods subject to mandatory marking with identification means implemented in relation to tyres

2. Disposition of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 792-r dated April 28, 2018 (as amended on July 28, 2020) On approval of the list of certain goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification means

3. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 1955 dated December 31, 2019 On providing access to information contained in the state information system for monitoring the circulation of goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification means

4. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 515 dated April 26, 2019 (as amended on April 18, 2020) On the system of marking goods by identification means and traceability of goods movement

5. Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 577 dated May 8, 2019 On approval of the fee for provision of services for the provision of marking codes required to form means of identification and ensure monitoring of movement of the goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification means, as well as on the procedure for its collection

6. Disposition of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 620-r dated April 3, 2019 On the operator of the state information system for monitoring the circulation of goods subject to mandatory marking by means of identification means

7. Agreement on Marking of Goods by Identification Means in the Eurasian Economic Union (Concluded in Almaty on February 2, 2018)

8. Decision of the Council of the Eurasian Economic Commission No. 129 dated November 18, 2019 On introduction of marking for new tyres and pneumatic rubber casings with identification means